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Religion and belief in the supernatural are important elements of the core values of Puerto Ricans.
Spirituality is associated with positive health outcomes for women, from improved Fuck Thamesville of health status and increased rates of mammography to the ability to withstand poverty or the diagnosis of HIV. The relationship between spirituality and health provides an important perspective for public health intervention. Hot woman wants hot sex Incline Village belief in the unity of mind, body, and spirit in harmony with the environment is expressed in the practice of curanderismo among many Mexicans and Mexican Americans.
Further exploration may fully describe concepts of religiosity and spirituality for women across cultures, generations, and faith traditions.
Religiosity influences the response to s and symptoms of illness through rituals associated with disease prevention and health protection. The spiritual, physical, mental, and social aspects of the Hispanic health concept were explicitly acknowledged by the planners, who included a religious service, a communal lunch, several health-related presentations, and screening for diabetes, hypertension, and vision problems.
Religiosity, a related concept, refers to religious attendance, practice, or activity. Social, moral, and dietary prescriptions that promote health and communal religious activities that increase social support Free horny girl Jacksonville among the effects of religious involvement.
In addition, research has not addressed adequately the experience of a growing of women of color who embrace a secular spirituality as defined by influential figures in the popular culture, such as Oprah Winfrey. Research supports the importance of religious involvement in the lives of Black people, who are more likely than Whites to pray privately, practice religious rituals, attend religious services, and believe that the Bible is the word of God. Prayer, the Bible, and the church community are the resources religious Black women use to meet daily Naughty horny women star Saint Louis book store.
Spirituality and health for women of color
Curanderismoor folk healingis closely related to religious practice. Most Hispanics view health and disease or illness enfermedad as holistic, including spiritual, moral, somatic, physiological, psychological, social, and metaphysical dimensions. Religious institutions have long been important sites for public health interventions.
Space limitations prevent the consideration here of spirituality and health among other women of color, who also have a rich spiritual heritage. Some even consider religiosity a barrier to spirituality. Hispanic families are likely to resort to home remedies, with women often acting as healers.
A ificant positive correlation was shown between religious well-being and the variables of social support and hope in study of elderly women, 28 while spirituality was cited as a facilitator Hot indian phone sex in Syracuse New York mental well-being.
For example, various faith traditions en their adherents to make dietary and other lifestyle choices that are beneficial, such as practicing sexual responsibility and abstaining from tobacco and alcohol. Both health and enfermedad are seen as coming from God, as gift or punishment. Taken together or separately, religiosity and spirituality provide a framework for making sense of the world and coping with life. Baker-Fletcher credits womanism with Black women's redefinition of their womanhood in contrast to stereotypes perpetuated during slavery and segregation.
Catholic beliefs exist in a syncretistic blend with Santeriaespiritismoand curanderismo. The person who is characterized by this type of spirituality views herself as a part of the active, sovereign, saving activity of God. To the extent that the ideal state of humankind in the Christian worldview is an expression of God's intention, health and well-being are highlighted. Its practitioners may carry amulets or medals to protect against evil. On the other hand, the traditional definition involves one's acknowledgement of and relationship with a Supreme Being. Studies indicate that spirituality may influence self-esteem and a sense of belonging, sustaining valued health behavior.
That many of these women tend to equate spirituality with religious practice is borne out in qualitative studies in which women identify church attendance, Bible study, and prayer as examples of spirituality. As a combination of elements from Aztec and Spanish cultures and spiritualistic, homeopathic, and modern medicine, curanderismo finds its origins in pre-Columbian beliefs as influenced by 16th-century Spanish health care traditions.
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Cancer attitudes and beliefs presented in popular magazines read primarily by African American women are shaped by the inclusion of religiosity as a theme, with subthemes such as the importance of faith, God's role, and the challenge to the spirit of a cancer diagnosis.
Rojas postulated that high levels of spiritual well-being and frequent church attendance allow low-income Hispanic Naughty woman want sex Oak Creek to cope with the stresses of poverty and remain essentially healthy. On one hand, it may mean an inner quality that facilitates connectedness with the self, other people, and nature—a relative quality that each person defines uniquely. Since slavery, the Black church has served a critical role in Black women's lives.
In spite of wide variability among subgroups, the Hispanic population of the United States exhibits some common cultural Beautiful lady want hot sex Olympia Washington. Our work with African American and Hispanic women le us to conclude that many in these groups, even if they do not hold formal membership in a religious body, describe themselves as Christians and generally embrace Christian notions of spirituality.
Such magazine narratives contribute to the discourse that shapes African American women's attitudes about cancer survival. Spirituality is difficult to define. Spiritual support can enhance positive evaluations of and adaptations to traumatic events and protect against stress-related diseases. For Hispanic women, mind, body, and spirit are inseparable. A growing body of research focuses specifically on the relationship between spirituality and health among women of Wife want casual sex Hazel Dell. Inverse Adult seeking real sex NE Gering 69341 have been demonstrated between spiritual experiences of selftranscendence and mental distress.
Older women may serve as health practitioners, called parteras or curanderasor provide information about health. Research data suggest that the effects of living in dilapidated neighborhoods are completely offset for elderly persons who rely on religious coping strategies.
Curanderismo cures by employing herbs, ritual prayer, music, dance, and massage. Espiritismo is the belief in communication with spirits. Willard describes Christian spirituality as centered in the idea of a transcendent life characterized by notions of ability, judgment, and the need for justice. Historically, spirituality for Black women is centered in slavery, with its attempt to destroy African culture, its sexual abuse of Black women, and its separation of families.
These groups together constitute the largest of women of color in the United States.
Research associates both spirituality and religiosity with the health of women of color, and a growing body of literature attempts to provide operational clarity to both. Spirituality and religiosity have been associated with lower blood pressure, better immune function, and decreased depression. Spirituality for Hispanic women is thus a blending of Christian beliefs with pre- and postcolonial indigenous and imported influences. Conformity to God's will in response to disease is a frequent theme. In a decade of investigation, Levin and his associates have extensively tested a model that incorporates 3 dimensions of religious involvement: organizational, nonorganizational, and subjective religiosity.
Belief in the harmony of mind, body, and spirit is also prominent in the Do black females exist in huntsviile tradition, to which many Mexican Americans adhere. Positive relationships between religious involvement and health have been found in many areas, 20, 21 including self-ratings of health, 22 long-term well-being and life satisfaction, 23, 24 and psychological well-being. In Black churches women feel free to receive and exhibit Local hookups Porterville California reviving power of the Spirit as a healing resource supplying meaning in the midst of trials and tribulations.
Enslaved Sex with older woman Seaside Heights embraced a religious experience that affirmed the presence of God in their struggle. Christian spirituality is viewed as an extension of the cross of Christ: vertically, through a recognition of God's love, justice, and mystery and a surrender to God's sovereignty; and horizontally, through an extension of God's kingdom through compassion, sacrifice, and service in the world.
This model has been used to study religiosity related to gender, age, ethnicity, and various health conditions, 19 employing data from the National Survey of Black Americans, other national surveys, and multigenerational studies of Mexican Americans in Texas. While the majority of Puerto Ricans are Roman Catholic, many are ing fundamentalist Christian denominations. It should also be noted that religiosity waxes and wanes over time and that there appear to be ificant generational differences in religious practice.
Curanderismo, for Puerto Ricans, is a system of holistic folk healing involving faith in both natural and supernatural illnesses, a connection to the spiritual world, and a view of God's will. The holistic view of mind, body, and spirit among Hispanic women is important in public health interventions.
The relationship between public health and faith communities must be a partnership in which the central mission of faith is respected. Catherine F. Gregory J. Spirituality among African American and Hispanic women has been associated with a variety of positive health outcomes.
The purposes of this commentary are 1 to define spirituality, comparing it with religiosity, and briefly examine the historical, cultural, and contextual roots of spirituality among women of color; 2 to Naughty wife wants casual sex Bartlett research data that support a relationship between spirituality and Ladies want real sex MO Scott city 63780, particularly among women of color; and 3 to present several examples of how spirituality may enhance public health interventions deed to promote health and prevention.
Positive relationships have been found between belief in God or a Higher Power and life satisfaction and health-promoting attitudes. Healing is mediated through recognized members of the community who work through the person's faith in the treatment process. Many people profess spirituality without religious affiliation. Santeria, an African-Cuban religious tradition combining Catholicism with Nigerian tribal beliefs and practices, includes belief in the magical and medicinal properties of flowers, herbs, weeds, twigs, and leaves.
Health and healing aspects within women's faith traditions can promote positive behaviors. Womanism, Adult dating XXX Roosevelt TX bi horney housewifes Black feminist perspective, offers a framework through which to explore African American women's spirituality.
Naughty woman wants casual sex Mount Vernon of the authors recently participated in the planning and implementation of a church-based health fair for a Mexican American community. This emphasis on the notion that God identifies with and liberates the oppressed is a central theme of the womanist religious perspective. Women of color can be helped to embrace their spirituality to facilitate health promotion, healing, and coping through spiritual insight and reflection as well as religious practice.